Guide First and Second Timothy and Titus

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Paul wrote to the young men Timothy and Titus three letters called the pastoral epistles. His earnest love and advice for each man encourages us today, not only in our ministry, but in our personal lives.

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New Testament Survey, Lesson 9 of 13

Based on the ecclesiastical development that he perceives in 1 Timothy and Titus, Fiore dates the Pastoral Epistles to ca. While this is not the place to debate the issue of NT pseudonymity, it should be noted that Fiore, having articulated his position in the introduction, never looks back—not even to explain how the epistles, which devote significant space to combating false teachings, could have been written by an admirer of Paul with the clear aim of passing them off on readers as coming from the apostle himself a recent commentary arguing persuasively for the traditional view from a Protestant perspective is Ben Witherington III, A Socio-Rhetorical Commentary on Titus, Timothy and 13 John, vol.

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As several recent commentators have pointed out, lumping these three epistles together, as historical criticism since the nineteenth century has done, can paper over their distinctive features. These include different social settings Timothy was in Ephesus and Titus in Crete and genre while 1 Timothy and Titus resemble personal correspondence, 2 Timothy, like 2 Peter, is a kind of last testament. Eusebius c. Marcion , an orthodox Bishop later excommunicated for heresy, formed an early canon of Scripture c.

The reasons for these exclusions are unknown, and so speculation abounds, including the hypotheses that they were not written until after Marcion's time, or that he knew of them, but regarded them as inauthentic.

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  7. Proponents of Pauline authorship argue that he had theological grounds for rejecting the Pastorals, namely their teaching about the goodness of creation cf. The question remains whether Marcion knew these three letters and rejected them as Tertullian says, since in 1 Timothy "false opposing arguments" are referred to, with the word for "opposing arguments" being "antithesis", the name of Marcion's work, and so a subtle hint of Marcion's heresy.

    First and Second Timothy and Titus: Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching

    However, the structure of the Church presupposed is less developed than the one Ignatius presupposes who wrote c. Modern scholars generally place its composition some time in the late 1st century or first half of the 2nd century AD, with a wide margin of uncertainty. The text seems to be contending against nascent Gnosticism 1 Tim , 1 Tim [14] see Encratism , which would suggest a later date due to Gnosticism developing primarily in the latter 1st century. The term Gnosis "knowledge" itself occurs in 1 Timothy However, Irenaeus writing c.


    AD is the earliest author to clearly and unequivocally describe the Pastorals. The earliest known writing of 1 Timothy has been found on Oxyrhynchus Papyrus , designated P, in It comes from a leaf of a codex which is dated to the 3rd century [16].

    This historical relationship between Paul and Timothy is one of mentorship. Timothy is first mentioned in Acts His mother Eunice, and his grandmother, Lois, are mentioned in 2 Timothy All that we know of his father is that he was a Greek, not a Jew Acts Paul's second visit to Lystra is when Timothy first connected with Paul 1 Timothy ; 2 Timothy Timothy would have received his authority to preach in churches directly from Paul who of course was the greater known and accepted of the two and an apostle.

    It is noteworthy that, despite not being required due the ruling of the Jerusalem council, Timothy took circumcision himself in order to be a better witness among the Jews. According to church tradition he was loyal to Paul's wishes and stayed and worked in Ephesus until he finally suffered a martyr's death himself. If, however, "the pastorals are best understood against the background of the second century, the evidence in the letters relative to church order The local churches are no longer lay churches, nor are their needs now taken care of simply by itinerant missionaries.

    There is obviously hierarchical organization both in the local and ecumenical church. The chief function of the bishop or archbishop? The Pastorals are distinguished from all other New Testament letters in that they are addressed Thus these letters occupy the unique distinction of being not simply the only letters in the New Testament to be addressed primarily to clergymen, but also of being in this sense the first extant pastoral letters—that is, letters written by a pastor to pastors—in the history of the church. The author of this epistle writes to Timothy concerning the organization of the church and Timothy's own leadership within the body.

    Unlocking the New Testament Part 21 - Timothy & Titus 1

    Major themes include the use of The Law 1Timothy —11 , warnings against false doctrine such as Encratism , instructions for prayer 1Timothy —8 , roles of women in the church, qualifications for leaders of the church 1Timothy —13 , and the treatment of widows, elders, masters, youth, and church members in general 1 Timothy — From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Pauline literature.

    First and Second Timothy and Titus: The Ministers Epistles - Gospel Advocate Company

    I Corinthians II Corinthians. Galatians Ephesians. Philippians Colossians.